Saturday, March 18, 2017

Customs of Criminal World Increasingly Inform Moscow’s Actions, Yakovenko Says

Paul Goble

            Staunton, March 18 – Every fourth adult male in Russia has spent some time in prison, Igor Yakovenko says; and in some places far from Moscow and St. Petersburg, that share is far higher.  Thus, doing time is not viewed as something shameful or bad but “normal or even honorable,” and the customs of the jail have spread to Russian political life.

            Indeed, the Russian commentator says, “the language of the criminal world, its subculture and the norms of ‘morality’ behind bars do not simply influence present-day Russian society: they have become its foundation,” the spiritual “bindings” that the Kremlin and Russian television talk so much about (

                Vladimir Putin, who came out of the security agencies which dispatched so many people to prison, has attracted attention since 2000 for his use of criminal jargon; but the penetration of the criminal world into the everyday one is much deeper than rhetoric. It explains why certain things are done or not done by the authorities and by Russians more generally.

            Yakovenko gives as an example “the pathological homophobia” in Russia, a collection of attitudes which are “completely inexplicable for Europeans and Americans where homophobia of course is present but as a kind of exotic anomaly.”  In Russia, on the other hand, it is a core belief.

            Often Russians explain this by pointing to Biblical texts, but they have less to do with the attitude than do the attitudes about homosexuality among prisoners who view homosexuals not as consenting adults but as victims of the sexual depradations of others and thus as weak and alien.

            “It is thus no accident,” Yakovenko says, “that the law on the prohibition of propaganda of homosexuality has become a truly ‘popular’ law: According to VTsIOM, 88 percent of Russians support it, a figure even somewhat higher than back Putin and almost as high as the one about the backing of the annexation of Crimea.”

            “It isn’t difficult to see all these criminal methods in Russian politics,” the commentator continues; and he offers two examples from the last week. The first involves Moscow’s decision to send Yuliya Samoylova to represent Russia at the Eurovision competition in Kyiv.  He says that there were two reasons for this: first, her being in a wheelchair; and second, Crimea.

            Obviously, no one will want to see an invalid mistreated; but there are certain things those who are considering this situation should know. Samoylova not only visited Russian-occupied Crimea, something illegal under Ukrainian law, but posted views about the annexation which are exactly the same as the most virulent imperialist on Moscow television.

            Consequently, even if the Ukrainian government does agree to admit her, some Ukrainians will be outraged; and their expression of outrage will be something that Moscow not only will exploit but is counting on provoking in order to exploit, Yakovenko says, exactly the kind of calculation a criminal would make.

            The second case revolves around the proposal of Poklonskaya and Zatulina to offer Russian citizen to anyone who lived or whose ancestors lived in the USSR or the Russian Empire Russian citizenship, even if they do not give up their other citizenship and even if there is no bilateral agreement on dual citizenship.

            “There will be several consequences of this provocation,” Yakovenko says. Georgia experienced nine years ago the first of these when Moscow distributed Russian passports in Abkhazia and South Ossetia so that any mistreatment of people there was not simply against ethnic Russians but against citizens of Russia.

            Consequently, even if this doesn’t lead to invasion and annexation as it has in Georgia and Ukraine, the proposed law will lead to “the formation of Russian ‘fifth columns’ in neighboring states” and thus become “an important factor of putting pressure on them” for Moscow’s benefit.

            “Another completely obvious consequence of this ‘jus soli’ provocation will be to add to the number of the loyal electorate in Russia itself.” People who get passports this will be “much more devoted” to the regime than even the Uralvagonzavod workers or the Kadyrovites in Chechnya” – not to mention the possibility of falsification of election results among such people.

            Yakovenko concludes that “a normal and civilized individual does not have a good answer to these criminal challenges.” But he points out that there is one that will work: responding forcefully and in kind: “Neither the history of Russian jails nor the history of humanity give any other variants” likely to work.

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